When acid from the stomach heartburn tx flows back up into the esophagus (food tube) it can cause a burning sensation in the chest. This pain is commonly referred to as heartburn, but it may also be called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
It’s important to know what causes heartburn and when to get medical help for it. If you have heartburn more than twice a week or when it interferes with your normal activities, you should seek medical attention immediately to find out what’s causing it and how best to treat it.
If you’re diagnosed with GERD, your doctor will probably recommend lifestyle changes and nonprescription medications. The goal is to keep your LES muscle working properly and prevent acid from flowing back up into your esophagus.
Heartburn Relief: Understanding the Best Treatment Options for You
GERD is a chronic condition and can be a precursor to esophageal cancer. Risk factors include obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, fatty foods, high-fat dairy products, smoked meats, stress, and certain medicines.
Other symptoms of GERD can include a cough, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, a sour taste in your mouth and upper abdominal pain. These can be caused by reflux of stomach acid into your esophagus or by other disorders of the esophagus, including ulcers and esophagitis.
The LES muscle is a tight band of tissue that separates your esophagus from your stomach. When the LES muscle isn’t functioning correctly it lets acid from the stomach back up into the esophagus and can lead to a painful condition called GERD.