An evaluation of apical microleakage in roots filled with thermoplastic synthetic polymer based root canal filling material (RealSeal 1 bonded obturation)

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Nadine J. Adbul-rada Adel F. Ibraheem

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the apical microleakage of roots canal filled with cold
lateral condensation of gutta-percha, cold lateral condensation of Resilon, Thermafil and RealSeal1 bonded
obturation.
Materials and methods: Sixty freshly extracted maxillary first molars with straight palatal roots .Using diamond disc bur
with straight hand piece and water coolant the palatal roots of teeth were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis
at the furcation area. All roots were prepared with crown-down technique using hand ProTaper system (Sx-F4).The
prepared roots randomly divided into 4 groups of fifteen roots each; the groups obturated with different obturation
technique. In Group 1 roots obturated with( lateral condensation of gutta-percha), Group 2 was obturated
with(lateral condensation of Resilon),group3 was obturated with (Thermafil) while in group4 obturated with( RealSeal
1 bonded obturation).All the samples sealed coronally and stored in normal saline at 37°C for one week ,then all the
roots submerged Indian ink for one week. The roots were cleared and the degree of linear dye penetration was
measured in millimeter by stereomicroscope under 40X magnification with calibrated scale ocular grid.
Results: The results showed that the RealSeal1 bonded obturation leaked apically significantly higher than other test
groups, while the group of lateral condensation of gutta-percha exhibited the least value of apical microleakage.
Conclusion: The complete hermetic apical seal cannot be created neither with gutta-percha nor with Real Seal
1bonded obturation.

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Section
Restorative Dentistry